Departmental History

The Department of Pathology was established on 28th November 1998. The first Lecturer and Head of department was Dr. Aye Aye Khin. She served from 4.11.1998 to 9.5.2000. Dr. Cho Cho Myint was appointed as Head of Department from 31.12.2001 to 21.5.2004. Dr. Mya Mya Win was also appointed as Head of the Department from 21.5.2004 to 15.6.2015. Now, Dr. Myat Malar Shwe is designated as Head of the Department since 17.8.2015.


Departmental Objectives

At the end of the course, the students should be able to:

  1. explain pathological basis of diseases with emphasis on common diseases prevalent in Myanmar
  2. collect the samples and specimens for laboratory investigations
  3. discuss the haematological disorders common in Myanmar and their preventive measures
  4. perform certain basic laboratory procedures
  5. interpret the laboratory findings with accurate diagnosis

PATH 2211: Pathophysiology

Credit: 3(2-2-0-6)

Prerequisite: HBIO 2111, HBIO 2112

Co requisite: MBIO 2211

Course Description

General pathology such as cell injury and cell death, cellular adaptation, inflammation and repair, haemodynamic changes, neoplasia and diseases of immunity; common haematological disorders in Myanmar; aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and laboratory diagnosis of common clinical conditions including cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, urinary, nervous, male and female reproductive, endocrine and lymphoreticular systems ,and diseases of breast, bone and joint.

Course Content

  1. General pathology
  • Cellular responses to stress and toxic insults
  • Inflammation and repair
  • Haemodynamics disorders ,thromboembolic disease and shock
  • Neoplasia
  • Diseases of immune system
  1. Haematology
  • Red cell disorders
  • White cell disorders
  • Haemorrhagic disorders
  • Blood groups and transfusion
  • Role of nurse in bone marrow examination
  1. Systemic pathology
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Respiratory system
  • Gastrointestinal system
  • Hepatobiliary system
  • Urinary system
  • Female genital tract
  • Breast
  • Lymphoreticular system
  • Central nervous system
  • Endocrine system
  • Diseases of bone and joint
  • Role of nurse in specimen collection

Teaching-Learning Strategies

  • Lecture-discussion
  • Tutorial
  • Written assignment
  • Practical demonstration

Teaching-Learning Aids

  • Microscopes & slides
  • Video


  • Written assignment           5%
  • Practical performance       15%
  • Mid-term examination      40%
  • Final examination            40%


Teaching Faculties (Pathology)


Head of Department

Dr. Myat Marlar Shwe

 M.B,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Pathology)

Former Heads

 Dr. Mya Mya Win 2004 - 2015
 Dr. Cho Cho Myint 2001 - 2004
 Dr. Aye Aye Khin 1998 - 2000
Assistant Lecturers  
 Dr. Zay Min Htun M.B,B.S, M.Med.Sc (Pathology)